City of Madrid and its surroundings


Madrid is the capital of Spain. Its history dates back to at least the 9th century, and a large number of great cultural and artistic heritage of Madrid remind about its long history. Currently, Madrid is the third-largest city in the European Union, after London and Berlin. The city spans a total of 604.3 km2 (233.3 sq mi).


Madrid is a city rich in history and culture, which possesses a modern infrastructure, but at the same time it has preserved the look and feel of many of its historic neighbourhoods and streets. The landmarks of Madrid include the Royal Palace of Madrid; the Royal Theatre with its restored 1850 Opera House; the Buen Retiro park, founded in 1631; the 19th-century National Library building (founded in 1712); a large number of National museums, and the Golden Triangle of Art, located along the Paseo del Prado and comprising three art museums: Prado Museum, the Reina Sofía Museum, a museum of modern art, and the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum. Cibeles Palace and Fountain have become the monument symbol of the city.

One way to travel through over two thousand years of history of Madrid is to take Madrid´s Art Walk (2km long).


Madrid 's beauty extends beyond its borders. There are nine enclaves which have been declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO situated just two hours away from the city: Alcalá de Henares, Toledo, Cuenca, Segovia, Ávila, Salamanca, Córdoba, the Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial and the Aranjuez Cultural Landscape. The stunning Guadarrama Mountains lie just a few kilometres from the capital. 1 day trips around Madrid

More inofrmation about Madrid can be found on: Offcial website of Madrid Council.